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Almirante Lynch
Almirante Lynch
The six destroyer Almirante Lynch class were built from 1911 by J. Samuel White for the Chilean Navy. The built after a design by J. Samuel White boats were significantly larger and more heavily armed than the same time built British destroyers. Only two boats were delivered before the outbreak of the First World War to Chile, where they remained in service until 1945. The other four boats were purchased in 1914 by the British and used as Faulknor class of the Royal Navy in the First World War as a flotilla. The Tipperary was lost in the Battle of Jutland. The three remaining boats were repurchased by Chile and in 1920 transferred. This heavily used in the war boats were scrapped in 1933. Further information Architectural History The new class of destroyer was named after the Admiral Patricio Lynch, a Chilean naval hero of the Salpeterkrieges. The first two ships were named the first modern Chilean torpedo gunboat. All boats had four chimneys, of which the front was slightly higher and thin. The other three were shorter and wide. The original armament of the boats consisted of six individual 102 -mm guns, two of which are on the bow stood side by side and two on the sides slightly behind the bridge house. To this end, another two guns side by side near the stern. The guns were a new development of the Armstrong Whitworth weapons company Elswick for Chile. There were also six torpedo tubes and four machine guns. When the remaining UK ships were umbewaffnet the end of the war, they received new guns in standard versions of the Navy. The two then built 120 mm guns were placed individually on the one hand for the forecastle couple on the bow and on the other for the rear pair on a platform between the last two funnels, two 102 -mm guns near the bridge remained in their positions. When the war ended, the Botha had four single torpedo tubes, while the two English sisters had two twin-tube sets. In addition there were two 2 - pounder anti-aircraft guns on these three boats. Use history in the Royal Navy The first boot Come into service in August 1914 Faulknor was the end of the 4th Destroyer flotilla in the Grand Fleet for Swift, who had not been proven as the leader ship of the destroyer of Acasta class. 1916 took over the duties of the sister boat Tipperary Flottillenf?hrers. Use in the Battle of Jutland The Tipperary under Captain CJ Wintour led the majority of the 4.Zerst?rerflottille in the evening to the south. Shortly after midnight three approaching ships were on the Garland, the fourth of twelve boats, discovered. Captain Wintour could not identify the ships and called for a recognition signal. The approach has come down to almost 500 m light cruiser Stuttgart, Hamburg, Rostock and Elbing opened on the fire. The ships of the line Westphalia and Nassau attacked with its central artillery in the battle. The 4th Flotilla was pushed to the top of the German High Seas Fleet, who wanted to pass behind the British fleet. The front Boats Tipperary, Spitfire, Sparrowhawk, Garland, Contest and Broke attacked immediately with torpedoes. In the vicinity of the vessels to each other, the use of the torpedo has been difficult. There was uncertainty of who met whom. The Elbing received at this stage probably hit by a torpedo, which reduced their maneuverability, which contributed to the collision with the battleship Posen. Your damage later led to the abandonment of the ship. Tipperary was hit by the 15 - inch guns of the artillery means of Westphalia to 00:35 on June 1, caught fire and lay there. She sank only at 2:45. 185 man of her 197- man crew lost their lives. The last remaining crew of Elbing, which had to be abandoned even at 4:40, saved with their boats still in the water driving survivor of Tipperary. The remaining boats 4.Flottille rallied behind the Broke under Commander Walter Allen, who took over the command. They came back to the Westphalia, who shot a recognition signal and the destroyer ausleuchtete with their headlights. Broke attempted a torpedo attack, but the distance was too short and it was taken away. There were 47 men, all guns fell out and the death of the helmsman made her running in circles, so they rammed the Sparrowhawk. Three men of the Sparrowhawk were hurled by the force of the impact on the Broke. Both commanders went out from the loss of their ship and ordered the evacuation on the other ship, so that both crews mingled. At this moment the contest ran into the rear of the Sparrowhawk. However contest had only minor damage and the struggling boats joined again. Broke and Sparrowhawk remained nearly half an hour wedged before Broke again and was released with an additional 30 man of the Sparrowhawk took the retreat, though her nose was almost severed. On the third day after the battle, they ran into the Tyne. Sparrowhawk was sunk after unsuccessful towing attempts. The 12.Zerst?rerflottille under Captain Stirling on the Faulknor had fallen because of damage to the Marlborough. The flotilla consisted of thirteen destroyers of the 'M -Class, the Faulknor and the other flotilla Marksman. Against 2.43 clock sighted Obedient ships on Eastsoutheast Course in the slow onset of dusk. The unidentified ships gave false detection signals and the attack on German battleships and old ships of the line began in almost ideal conditions. The liner Pomerania was hit by a torpedo. Six destroyers fired torpedoes at the German Squadron 17, before the artillery fire drove the remaining destroyers. Stirling tried to report about the battle and took off three messages, but no reached the British commander Jellicoe. Had it reached the messages would turn Jellicoe and reach the High Seas Fleet in the protection of the German minefields ahead from 4:30 and her running- k?nnen.ref > Bennett, S. 147f. < / Ref > counter 4.10 clock in the morning of June 1, Pomerania was taken by the Onslaught, perhaps even by a second torpedo. The hit exploded in one of the 17 cm - Magazine of the ship of the line and caused a massive explosion that shattered the ship. The Pomeranian capsized; only the tail section swam almost 20 minutes and the screws rotated empty. The Pomeranian sank with the entire crew of 839 officers and men. More battles On 21 April 1917 the Dover Patrol replied to Broke came under Edward Evans with the Swift on a routine inspection tour near the Goodwin Sands on six German torpedo boats that had fired at night Dover. The Swift torpedoed G 85 (83 deaths) and the Broke rammed commanded by Bernd von Arnim G 42 It came to close combat crews, as the Germans tried to conquer the British boat. Finally Broke was severely damaged and had to be free again introduced .. The counterparty G 42 sank with 36 dead. Swift was easily damaged. The other four German torpedo boats could run back to their base without loss. On the night of March 21, 1918 tried to shoot six large German torpedo boats and four small "A - class " the coast between Dunkirk and Nieuwpoort. They met already on its way to a variety of allied ships. In the evolving confusing night battle rammed and sank the Botha the torpedo boat A 19, but was mistakenly torpedoed by adventitious French destroyer captain flour, which is still buried A 7. At the attempts to block the German bases in Flanders by old cruiser, participated in the deployable destroyer of Faulknor class. At the attack on Zeebrugge on the night of April 24, 1918 Broke was involved in Bertram Ramsay, while the Faulknor was part of the " Inshore Squadron " of taking place the same night raids on the First Ostend. On the night of May 10, 1918 Lynes commanded on the Faulknor the eight destroyers, which were used during the attack on Ostend, which include the Broke under Ramsay was one on which a seaman died. Whereabouts of the British ships When the war ended the Faulknor flotilla of 4th Flotilla was now back in Devonport, Broke leader of the 6th Flotilla at Dover and Botha leaders of the 21st Flotilla also in Dover. In April 1920, the three destroyers were sold to the original clients again. Because of their differing from the original boats armament they were then referred to as Almirante Williams class. Service in Chile In the winter of 1913 to 1914, the first two of Samuel White in Cowes destroyer ordered were delivered to Chile, received the name of the first torpedo gunboats of the Chilean fleet Almirante Lynch and Almirante Condell. These were renamed Tom?s (ex Almirante Lynch ) and Talcahuano (ex Almirante Condell ). They stayed with her new name the time being in the service. By the outbreak of the First World War and the sale of the still under construction four other destroyers the old boats remained until June 1919 at the service. When the war ended, the Chileans were not interested in the older, surplus ships, the British wanted to sell them, but insisted on their relatively modern pre-war orders. At the end of Chile acquired in April 1920, Canada, the three remaining destroyers ordered before the war Faulknor class and a tractor. The five ships together cost less than a third of the price that Chile in 1914 could pay for the Almirante Latorre. Canada was the old name again and was passed on 27 November 1920, Chile. On the same day she left Plymouth with the two destroyers Almirante Riveros (ex Faulknor, originally Almirante Simpson) and Almirante Uribe (ex Botha, originally Almirante Goni ) under the command of Admiral Luis Gomez Carre?o. On February 20, 1921, the Association arrived in Chile, and made Chile the strongest naval power in the South American west coast. However, the economic crisis of the 20s made the maintenance of a large naval difficult. 1931 reduced the government the wages of seamen by 30%, after the August 31, 1931 ausbracht a mutiny, which affected almost all the ships of the Navy. The starting point was in the Coquimbo after overhaul of Europe returned Almirante Latorre, which was still in training. Even the flagship of the fleet, the battleship O'Higgins, seven destroyers and some submarines were involved. The Almirante Lynch as part of the Education Association of the fleet joined in the mutiny at Coquimbo. The Almirante Riveros then also belonged to the mutinous S?dverband the fleet in Talcahuano. Army and Air Force remained loyal to the government. The army opened fire on the mutineers in Talcahuano. The Almirante Riveros used as a backup ship was hit several times and then ran to Isla Quiriquina, where they gave their dead and wounded on land. The Air Force ( Fuerza A?rea de Chile), who had orders to prevent a merger of the mutineers from the different sites, which are lying on the roads of Coquimbo ships attacked unsuccessfully. On September 7, the mutineers went to Valparaiso and surrendered fight and unconditionally. In the following years, Chile reduced the stock of its fleet for reasons of cost significantly. 1933 pretty consumed boats Faulknor class were removed from the fleet list. When the actual demolition of the boats was made, is not clearly documented. The Almirante Riveros ex Faulknor was sunk on 10 April 1939 as a target ship from the Almirante Latorre. The two older boats remained in the navy list until 19 December 1945. The demolition of the type ship of the series, the Almirante Lynch, should be done only in 1955.

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Armateur Chilean Navy
Ship manager
Numéro IMO
Type de navire Destroyer
Année et chantier de construction 1913 J. Samuel White, UK
Date
Lieu
Téléchargée le 18/01/2016
Dimension 1200 x 575
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